Communicable Diseases

  • Pneumococcal Carriage in Children under Five Years in Uganda-Will Present Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccines Be Appropriate?Lindstrand A, Kalyango J, Alfvén T, et al. PloS one 2016;11:e0166018.
  • Impact of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on pneumococcal disease, carriage and serotype distribution: comparative studies in Sweden and Uganda[dissertation]. Lindstrand A. Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet; 2016.
  • High prevalence of antibiotic resistance in nasopharyngeal bacterial isolates from healthy children in rural Uganda: A cross-sectional study.Rutebemberwa E, Mpeka B, Pariyo G, et al. Upsala journal of medical sciences 2015;120:249-56.
  • Prevalence and risk factors of latent Tuberculosis among adolescents in rural Eastern Uganda.Mumpe-Mwanja D, Verver S, Yeka A, et al. African health sciences 2015;15:851-60.
  • Effect of Community Support Agents on Retention of People Living With HIV in Pre-antiretroviral Care: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Eastern Uganda.Lubega M, Tumwesigye NM, Kadobera D, et al. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes 2015;70:e36-43.
  • Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in rural Uganda: modelling effectiveness and impact of scaling-up PMTCT services.Larsson EC, Ekstrom AM, Pariyo G, et al. Global health action 2015;8:26308.
  • Childhood diarrhoeal deaths in seven low- and middle-income countries.Rahman AE, Moinuddin M, Molla M, et al. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2014;92:664-71.
  • Household health care-seeking costs: experiences from a randomized, controlled trial of community-based malaria and pneumonia treatment among under-fives in eastern Uganda.Matovu F, Nanyiti A, Rutebemberwa E. Malaria journal 2014;13:222.
  • High adherence to antimalarials and antibiotics under integrated community case management of illness in children less than five years in eastern Uganda.Kalyango JN, Rutebemberwa E, Karamagi C, et al. PloS one 2013;8:e60481.
  • Integrated community case management of malaria and pneumonia increases prompt and appropriate treatment for pneumonia symptoms in children under five years in Eastern Uganda.Kalyango JN, Alfven T, Peterson S, Mugenyi K, Karamagi C, Rutebemberwa E. Malaria journal 2013;12:340.
  • An Early Morning Sputum Sample Is Necessary for the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis, Even with More Sensitive Techniques: A Prospective Cohort Study among Adolescent TB-Suspects in Uganda.Ssengooba W, Kateete DP, Wajja A, et al. Tuberculosis research and treatment 2012;2012:970203.
  • Missed Opportunities: barriers to HIV testing during pregnancy from a population based cohort study in rural Uganda.Larsson EC, Thorson AE, Pariyo G, et al. PloS one 2012;7:e37590.
  • Opt-out HIV testing during antenatal care: experiences of pregnant women in rural Uganda.Larsson EC, Thorson A, Pariyo G, et al. Health policy and planning 2012;27:69-75.
  • Missed opportunities: prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Uganda[dissertation]. Larsson EC. Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet; 2012.
  • Scaling up antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: using supply chain management to appraise health systems strengthening.Windisch R, Waiswa P, Neuhann F, Scheibe F, de Savigny D. Globalization and health 2011;7:25.
  • Lack of pre-antiretroviral care and competition from traditional healers, crucial risk factors for very late initiation of antiretroviral therapy for HIV–a case-control study from eastern Uganda.Muhamadi L, Tumwesigye NM, Kadobera D, et al. The Pan African medical journal 2011;8:40.
  • A single-blind randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of extended counseling on uptake of pre-antiretroviral care in Eastern Uganda.Muhamadi L, Tumwesigye NM, Kadobera D, et al. Trials 2011;12:184.
  • Spatial analysis of determinants of choice of treatment provider for fever in under-five children in Iganga, Uganda.Ettarh R, Galiwango E, Rutebemberwa E, Pariyo G, Peterson S. Health & place 2011;17:320-6.
  • Tuberculosis knowledge, attitudes and health-seeking behaviour in rural Uganda.Buregyeya E, Kulane A, Colebunders R, et al. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2011;15:938-42.
  • Community acceptability of use of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria by community health workers in Uganda.Mukanga D, Tibenderana JK, Kiguli J, et al. Malaria journal 2010;9:203.
  • Policy and practice, lost in transition: Reasons for high drop-out from pre-antiretroviral care in a resource-poor setting of eastern Uganda.Lubega M, Nsabagasani X, Tumwesigye NM, et al. Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 2010;95:153-8.
  • Mistrust in marriage–reasons why men do not accept couple HIV testing during antenatal care- a qualitative study in eastern Uganda.Larsson EC, Thorson A, Nsabagasani X, Namusoko S, Popenoe R, Ekstrom AM. BMC public health 2010;10:769.
  • Utilization of public or private health care providers by febrile children after user fee removal in Uganda.Rutebemberwa E, Pariyo G, Peterson S, Tomson G, Kallander K. Malaria journal 2009;8:45.
  • Use of drugs, perceived drug efficacy and preferred providers for febrile children: implications for home management of fever.Rutebemberwa E, Nsabagasani X, Pariyo G, Tomson G, Peterson S, Kallander K. Malaria journal 2009;8:131.
  • Determinants of delay in care-seeking for febrile children in eastern Uganda.Rutebemberwa E, Kallander K, Tomson G, Peterson S, Pariyo G. Tropical medicine & international health : TM & IH 2009;14:472-9.
  • Delayed care seeking for fatal pneumonia in children aged under five years in Uganda: a case-series study.Kallander K, Hildenwall H, Waiswa P, Galiwango E, Peterson S, Pariyo G. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2008;86:332-8.
  • “I never had the money for blood testing” – caretakers’ experiences of care-seeking for fatal childhood fevers in rural Uganda – a mixed methods study.Hildenwall H, Tomson G, Kaija J, Pariyo G, Peterson S. BMC international health and human rights 2008;8:12.
  • Local illness concepts–implications for management of childhood pneumonia in eastern Uganda.Hildenwall H, Rutebemberwa E, Nsabagasani X, Pariyo G, Tomson G, Peterson S. Acta tropica 2007;101:217-24.
  • Exposure to multiple parasites is associated with the prevalence of active convulsive epilepsy in sub-Saharan Africa.Kamuyu G, Bottomley C, Mageto J, et al. PLoS neglected tropical diseases 2014;8:e2908.


  • Cost-effectiveness of groin hernia repair from a randomized clinical trial comparing commercial versus low-cost mesh in a low-income country.Löfgren J, Matovu A, Wladis A, et al. British Journal of Surgery 2017.
  • A Randomized Trial of Low-Cost Mesh in Groin Hernia Repair.Lofgren J, Nordin P, Ibingira C, Matovu A, Galiwango E, Wladis A. The New England journal of medicine 2016;374:146-53.
  • Surgery in district hospitals in rural Uganda—indications, interventions, and outcomes.Löfgren J, Kadobera D, Forsberg BC, Mulowooza J, Wladis A, Nordin P. The Lancet 2015;385:S18.
  • District-level surgery in Uganda: Indications, interventions and perioperative mortality.Löfgren J, Kadobera D, Forsberg BC, Mulowooza J, Wladis A, Nordin P. +Surgery 2015;158:7-16.
  • Groin hernias and unmet need for surgery in Uganda: Epidemiology, mosquito nets and cost-effectiveness[dissertation]. Löfgren J. Umeå: Umeå Universitet; 2015.
  • Prevalence of treated and untreated groin hernia in eastern Uganda.Lofgren J, Makumbi F, Galiwango E, et al. The British journal of surgery 2014;101:728-34.

Maternal and Newborn Health

  • Trends and risk factors of stillbirths and neonatal deaths in Eastern Uganda (1982–2011): a cross-sectional, population-based study.Kujala S, Waiswa P, Kadobera D, Akuze J, Pariyo G, Hanson C. Tropical medicine & international health 2017;22:63-73.
  • Effect of the Uganda Newborn Study on care-seeking and care practices: a cluster-randomised controlled trial.Waiswa P, Pariyo G, Kallander K, et al. Global health action 2015;8:24584.
  • Differences in essential newborn care at birth between private and public health facilities in eastern Uganda.Waiswa P, Akuze J, Peterson S, et al. Global health action 2015;8:24251.
  • Engaging community health workers in maternal and newborn care in eastern Uganda.Okuga M, Kemigisa M, Namutamba S, Namazzi G, Waiswa P. Global health action 2015;8:23968.
  • Strengthening health facilities for maternal and newborn care: experiences from rural eastern Uganda.Namazzi G, Waiswa P, Nakakeeto M, et al. Global health action 2015;8:24271.
  • ‘As soon as the umbilical cord gets off, the child ceases to be called a newborn’: sociocultural beliefs and newborn referral in rural Uganda.Nalwadda CK, Waiswa P, Guwatudde D, Kerber K, Peterson S, Kiguli J. Global health action 2015;8:24386.
  • Recognition and home care of low birth weight neonates: a qualitative study of knowledge, beliefs and practices of mothers in Iganga-Mayuge Health and Demographic Surveillance Site, Uganda.Nabiwemba EL, Atuyambe L, Criel B, Kolsteren P, Orach CG. BMC public health 2014;14:546.
  • High compliance with newborn community-to-facility referral in eastern opportunity to improve newborn survival.Nalwadda CK, Waiswa P, Kiguli J, et al. PloS one 2013;8:e81610.
  • Identifying high-risk babies born in the community using foot length measurement at birth in Uganda.Nabiwemba E, Marchant T, Namazzi G, Kadobera D, Waiswa P. Child: care, health and development 2013;39:20-6.
  • Community health workers – a resource for identification and referral of sick newborns in rural Uganda.Kayemba Nalwadda C, Guwatudde D, Waiswa P, et al. Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH 2013;18:898-906.
  • Determining an anthropometric surrogate measure for identifying low birth weight babies in Uganda: a hospital-based cross sectional study.Elizabeth NL, Christopher OG, Patrick K. BMC pediatrics 2013;13:54.
  • The Uganda Newborn Study (UNEST): an effectiveness study on improving newborn health and survival in rural Uganda through a community-based intervention linked to health facilities – study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial.Waiswa P, Peterson SS, Namazzi G, et al. Trials 2012;13:213.
  • Poor newborn care practices – a population based survey in eastern Uganda.Waiswa P, Peterson S, Tomson G, Pariyo GW. BMC pregnancy and childbirth 2010;10:9.
  • ‘I never thought that this baby would survive; I thought that it would die any time’: perceptions and care for preterm babies in eastern Uganda.Waiswa P, Nyanzi S, Namusoko-Kalungi S, Peterson S, Tomson G, Pariyo GW. Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH 2010;15:1140-7.
  • Using the three delays model to understand why newborn babies die in eastern Uganda.Waiswa P, Kallander K, Peterson S, Tomson G, Pariyo GW. Tropical medicine & international health: TM & IH 2010;15:964-72.
  • Acceptability of evidence-based neonatal care practices in rural Uganda – implications for programming.Waiswa P, Kemigisa M, Kiguli J, Naikoba S, Pariyo GW, Peterson S. BMC pregnancy and childbirth 2008;8:21.

Non-communicable Diseases

  • Objectively Assessed Physical Activity and Associated Factors Among Adults in Peri-Urban and Rural Eastern Uganda: A Population-based Study.Kirunda BE, Wamani H, Fadnes LT, Van den Broeck J, Tylleskar T. Journal of physical activity & health 2016;13:1243-54.
  • Population-based survey of overweight and obesity and the associated factors in peri-urban and rural Eastern Uganda. Kirunda BE, Fadnes LT, Wamani H, Van den Broeck J, Tylleskar T. BMC public health 2015;15:1168.
  • Comparison of fasting plasma glucose and haemoglobin A1c point-of-care tests in screening for diabetes and abnormal glucose regulation in a rural low income setting.Mayega RW, Guwatudde D, Makumbi FE, et al. Diabetes research and clinical practice 2014;104:112-20.
  • ‘Change means sacrificing a good life’: perceptions about severity of type 2 diabetes and preventive lifestyles among people afflicted or at high risk of type 2 diabetes in Iganga Uganda.Mayega RW, Etajak S, Rutebemberwa E, Tomson G, Kiguli J. BMC public health 2014;14:864.
  • Type 2 diabetes in rural Uganda: prevalence, risk factors, perceptions and implications for the health system[dissertation].Mayega RW. Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet; 2014.
  • Use of traditional medicine for the treatment of diabetes in Eastern Uganda: a qualitative exploration of reasons for choice.Rutebemberwa E, Lubega M, Katureebe SK, Oundo A, Kiweewa F, Mukanga D. BMC international health and human rights 2013;13:1.
  • Perceptions of diabetes in rural areas of Eastern Uganda.Rutebemberwa E, Katureebe SK, Gitta SN, Mwaka AD, Atuyambe L. Curationis 2013;36:E1-7.
  • Diabetes and pre-diabetes among persons aged 35 to 60 years in eastern Uganda: prevalence and associated factors.Mayega RW, Guwatudde D, Makumbi F, et al. PloS one 2013;8:e72554.
  • Modifiable socio-behavioural factors associated with overweight and hypertension among persons aged 35 to 60 years in eastern Uganda.Mayega RW, Makumbi F, Rutebemberwa E, et al. PloS one 2012;7:e47632.

Diseases Of The Nervous System

  • Electroencephalographic features of convulsive epilepsy in Africa: A multicentre study of prevalence, pattern and associated factors. Kariuki SM, White S, Chengo E, et al.Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology 2016;127:1099-107.
  • Prevalence and factors associated with convulsive status epilepticus in Africans with epilepsy.Kariuki SM, Kakooza-Mwesige A, Wagner RG, et al. Neurology 2015;84:1838-45.
  • Prevalence of active convulsive epilepsy in sub-Saharan Africa and associated risk factors: cross-sectional and case-control studies.Ngugi AK, Bottomley C, Kleinschmidt I, et al. The Lancet Neurology


  • Characterizing disability at the Iganga-Mayuge Demographic Surveillance System (IM-DSS), Uganda.Bachani AM, Galiwango E, Kadobera D, et al. Disability and rehabilitation 2016;38:1291-9.
  • A new screening instrument for disability in low-income and middle-income settings: application at the Iganga-Mayuge Demographic Surveillance System (IM-DSS), Uganda.Bachani AM, Galiwango E, Kadobera D, et al. BMJ open 2014;4:e005795.

Cross Cutting

  • Two year mortality and associated factors in a cohort of children from rural Uganda.Nabongo P, Verver S, Nangobi E, et al. BMC public health 2014;14:314.
  • Performance of community health workers under integrated community case management of childhood illnesses in eastern Uganda.Kalyango JN, Rutebemberwa E, Alfven T, Ssali S, Peterson S, Karamagi C. Malaria journal 2012;11:282.
  • Increased use of community medicine distributors and rational use of drugs in children less than five years of age in Uganda caused by integrated community case management of fever.Kalyango JN, Lindstrand A, Rutebemberwa E, et al. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene 2012;87:36-45.
  • Social autopsy: INDEPTH Network experiences of utility, process, practices, and challenges in investigating causes and contributors to mortality.Kallander K, Kadobera D, Williams TN, et al. Population health metrics 2011;9:44.
  • Social determinants of health care use for Ugandan children: does social capital matter? [dissertation].Bakeera SK. Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet; 2011.
  • Community social capital and the use of health care services in Uganda.Bakeera S, Petzold M, Pariyo G, Galea S, Tomson G, Wamala S. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology 2010;2:189-98.
  • Community perceptions and factors influencing utilization of health services in Uganda.Bakeera SK, Wamala SP, Galea S, Peterson S, Pariyo GW. International journal for equity in health 2009;8:25.
  • Under 10 mortality patterns, risk factors, and mechanisms in low resource settings of Eastern Uganda: An analysis of event history demographic and verbal social autopsy data. Kananura, R. M., Leone, T., Nareeba, T., Kajungu, D., Waiswa, P., & Gjonca, A. (2020). Plos one15(6), e0234573.
  • Cohort Profile: The Iganga-Mayuge Health and Demographic Surveillance Site, Uganda (IMHDSS, Uganda),Dan Kajungu and others. International Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 49, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages 1082–1082g,
  • Zia, N., Loeb, M., Kajungu, D. et al. Adaptation and validation of UNICEF/Washington group child functioning module at the Iganga-Mayuge health and demographic surveillance site in Uganda. BMC Public Health 20, 1334 (2020).
  • Nukhba Zia, Abdulgafoor M. Bachani, Dan Kajungu, Edward Galiwango, Mitchell Loeb, Marie Diener-West, Stephen Wegener, George Pariyo, Adnan A. Hyder,Measuring child functioning: Assessing correlation and agreement between caregiver and child responses at the Iganga-Mayuge health and demographic surveillance site in Uganda,Disability and Health Journal,Volume 14, Issue 2,2021,101022,ISSN 1936-6574,
  • Kananura RM. Mediation role of low birth weight on the factors associated with newborn mortality and the moderation role of institutional delivery in the association of low birth weight with newborn mortality in a resource-poor setting BMJ Open 2021;11:e046322. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046322
  • Caregivers’ estimate of early childhood developmental status in rural Uganda: a cross-sectional studyBonney E, Villalobos M, Elison J, et al BMJ Open 2021;11:e044708. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044708
  • Surgical procedures for children in the public healthcare sector: a nationwide, facility-based study in Uganda. Ajiko MM, Kressner J, Matovu A, et al BMJ Open 2021;11:e048540. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-048540
  • Factors associated with caretakers’ knowledge, attitude, and practices in the management of pneumonia for children aged five years and below in rural Uganda. Kajungu D, Nabukeera B, Muhoozi M, et al. BMC Health Serv Res. 2023;23(1):700. Published 2023 Jun 27. doi:10.1186/s12913-023-09713-z
Makerere University